Many Hats of Me: My Quarantine Process for New Aquarium Fish

Saturday, March 9, 2013

My Quarantine Process for New Aquarium Fish


Buying Fish from the Pet Store

Today I bought 3 corycats from the Petco today. They were quite inexpensive at $3.45 each! After I buy new fish, I always drive home directly so that their time in the bag is minimized. 

Quarantine Tank


One of the biggest mistakes for beginner fish-keepers is to dump the new fish, water and all, into an already established tank. Pet store fish are usually stressed from their trip from the breeder to the store, causing their immune systems to weaken. They are further stressed from the the trip from the store to your house. Many fish fall sick and die within the first two weeks of their purchase. How do we prevent our new fish from dying? The answer: Quarantine Tank (QT for short)!

From reading the fish forums, I learned that many fish-keepers complain that they have no space for a quarantine tank, or it seems that a QT is too expensive since it's used so rarely. Why use an expensive, large, fragile glass tank, when you can use a small plastic storage bin? I use a Sterilite plastic container from Target. 



5 galling plastic container from Target



Sterilite Plastic Container


It has a small footprint of approximately 15"x10"x11" and is 5 gallons if filled 75%. It's see-through, has a lid, and easy to pick up and move around, even if it's half-full!**

Fill your plastic container with tapwater, place a heater and an airstone, and let the tank run overnight. The following day your tap water will have been aged and made safe for new fish. Aging tap water eliminates CO2 from the water which can cause stress to your new fish. Imagine what it would be like to breath in carbonated water. Ouch! I also add some dechlorinator neutralize any chlorine and chloramines in the tap water. I use Safe from Seachem.

Once home from the pet store, I drain most of the water from the fish bag. I prevent the fish from falling into the sink by "pinching" the bag above the fish so that only that water will fall into the sink. This video demonstrates how I drain the water from the bag. Some fish-keepers drain their water over a net so that the fish fall into the net. Use this method if you feel that you may accidentally dump your fish down the sink.

**If you purchase more than 3 small fish, or buy a larger fish, consider buying a 10G Sterilite container instead of a 5 gallon. More fish require more water and more space.



video




Filtration and Air


I have switched from using a sponge filter to a small in-tank filter made by Top Fin, found at the local Pet Smart. It is superior to the sponge filter for a couple of important reasons:


  1. The filter is more efficient than a sponge filter since it has a small but powerful pump.
  2. The interior of the sponge is hollowed out so that you can place your own bio-seeded media from your current tanks. You can change the water less frequently since the media contains good bacteria, which is the key to reducing the deadly ammonia from your tank. 
  3. The included spray bar, when placed just at the surface of the water, is an efficient aerator. If you look closely at the surface of the water, you will see the micro-bubbles that the spray bar produces. 
  4. It's very small, easily fitting into the 5 gallon plastic bucket
  5. Easy to install and clean.
  6. Cheap at under $13!



Top Fin Internal Filter



If you use a sponge filter, remember to use a Check Valve to prevent any electrocution and floods should the water back up into the pump. Valves should be used in every air pump situation.

A fish-keeper recommended that a heater be used with QT and I agree that it's preferable to keep the fish as comfortable as possible in QT. For most tropical fish, 78 degrees F is a good temperature. For discus, I would bump temperature up to 80.




sponge filter


Hydro One small sponge filter from Aquacave.com





check valve and air pump


Check valve and air pump. Air valves prevents accidents.



sponge filter and air pump installed in 5 gallon plastic tub


QT tank with sponge filter and air pump. 


Methylene Blue


My QT method is a Methylene Blue (MB for short) bath to help boost the fish's immune system as well as prevent  bacterial, fungal, or parasitic outbreaks. MB is a chemical with many benefits for stressed and/or sick fish:


  1. It is gentle to fish and does not cause them any stress. 
  2. Increases oxygen absorption in fish. Fish that have been in high ammonia environments like their shipping bags often have damaged gills. Methylene Blue helps fish increases their ability to absorb oxygen from the water. 
  3. Both a bactericide and fungicide. It is often used by fish breeders to prevent fungus infection on eggs. 
  4. An anti-protazoan that kills a common parasite, ich (Ichthyophthirius multifiliis)
  5. Absorbed in the body to treat internal infections. Methylene blue is easily absorbed through the fish's gills and skin to help fight internal infections. It also assists the absorption of antibiotics when used used together in a bath. 
  6. No build-up of resistance. Since Methylene Blue is not a "drug", the pathogens do not build up a resistance to it. 


How To Use Methelyne Blue


Methelyne Blue is a solid blue powder that is easily mixed with water to produce a blue solution. I buy a pre-mixed solution called Kordon's Methylene Blue. Since it stains everything a blue color permanently, I suggest you pour it into a measuring spoon over a stainless steel sink, or a plate so that you don't stain your countertops or sinks. Then directly pour into the QT and mix with the spoon. The water will become a very dark blue.

You can also place a kitchen garbage bag under your QT tank so that any blue drips won't stain your countertop. 




methylene blue fish medication

Use a dedicated spoon and a plate when using Methylene Blue since it stains everything.



Water Changes Are Important in the Quarantine Tank


Since MB kills nitrifying bacteria, use an non-seeded sponge or filter in your tank. If you use the Top Fin filter I recommended, take the sponge out and use some aquarium filter floss instead. This will save the sponge from the staining of the Meth Blue. You can use the sponge with bio seeded media from your current tank during the second week of QT.

Since the filtration is reduced to mechanical filtration only, water in the QT must be changed at least 100% a day. To reduce fish stress, you can change 50% of the water in the morning, and 50% in the evening, and redose 50% of the chemicals and/or drugs every time.

Use aged and heated water to change the water in your QT tank to avoid stressing your fish. As mentioned above, straight tap water contains CO2 which causes stress to fish. To age water, you need to let it sit overnight with an air bubbler and a heater. You can use a small clean 3 gallon bucket for this purpose.


Use A Water Pump to Drain The Tank


I use a cheap pump purchased from Walmart and a length of 5/8" vinyl hose (can be purchased at Home Depot) to quickly pump out water directly into my kitchen sink or a large 5G bucket.



Maxi jet pro water pump 900


Maxi-Jet Pro Water Pump - 900and 5/8" vinyl hose






Water change using a pump




Further Treatments for Sick Fish

New fish should be quarantined for at least two weeks. I use Methylene blue for the every other day for the first week, then clear water with no treatment for the rest of the quarantine period.

If you use a seeded sponge filter, change the water 50% every other day.

If you use the Top Fin filter, change the water 50% every 2 days.

If you use an unseeded filter, 100% water changes daily, 50% in the AM, 50% in the PM. During this final week, the fish should be closely observed for strange behavior, and disease.


Using Medicated Fish Feed During Quarantine


New fish will eat food readily once they have adjusted to their new environment. I have started to use medicated fish feed during the quarantine period instead of pouring drugs into the water. Fish are less stressed with the food and I've had a 100% survival rate with my last purchase of new fish.

During the 2nd week of quarantine, I use the following medicated fish foods.

1. Anti-Protazoan Flakes from Angelsplus.com

These flakes contain Metronidazole which kill protozoans like Hexamita. You can read more about Metronidazole further down this blog. Feed exclusively for 7 days 2x a day.

2. Deworm Flake 1 from Angelsplus.com

These flakes contain Fenbendazole which kills nematodes like camallanus. Feed every other day for a total of 5 feedings. You can use your normal fish flake on the odd days.  Feed only once a day at the end of the day to keep fish hungry. I use these flakes during week 3 of quarantine.

As you can see, using medicated fish food extends quarantine to at least 2 weeks, even if you skip the methylene blue week.

Fish food should also be used for fish who are not very sick because they are too ill to eat vigorously. Thus, fish food is excellent during quarantine.


Ich (Display or QT Tank)


Ich is a protazoan parasite that often affects weakened fish. This disease is characterized by white raised round dots that cover the body of the fish.

If there is an ich breakout during the second week of quarantine, I use a milder ich treatment that is designed for scaleless fish, such as plecos and corycats, called
Ick Guard II.  It contains formalin, victoria green, nitromersol, and acriflavine. It effectively kills the ich parasite without causing too much stress on the fish. It also treats any secondary secondary fungal and bacterial infections.


ick guard II




To treat ich, raise the temperature of the QT using a small aquarium heater to 86 degrees F and treat with Ick Guard II every other day for a 2 weeks, with daily 50% water changes. Raising the temperature increases the speed of the parasite life cycle, forcing the mature parasite to break out of the ich spores  so that the drug is able to effect the free-swimming parasite. When the parasite is in the white spot stage, they are protected by the drugs by the spore's hard shell. Add another airstone to the QT tank since oxygen levels will be reduced from the drugs and the higher temperatures.


Non-Drug Method



Ich can also be successfully treated with just high temperatures. I myself have not used this treatment, but others have had great success. From the Aquaticcommunity.com website, raise the temperature in the QT or the main tank to 87 degrees for two weeks with regular water changes and substrate vacuumed thoroughly to suck up any tomites (little white cysts) that have fallen off your fish. Some fish-keepers also add salt (ranges from 1-3 tbs./5 gallons) with every major water change. Use salt only if your fish can tolerate salt.

Fin Rot


Fin rot is an indicator that your water quality is not ideal: ammonia and nitrites above 0, nitrates from 10 to 20 ppm. Fin rot can also be brought about by fin nipping. 



Clean Water Changes Only

Clean water is usually the easiest and safest way to cure fin rot. Start with 50% water changes daily in the main tank, with a substrate vacuum. Add salt at 1 tbs/10 gallons ONLY IF YOU DO NOT have snails, and scaleless fish like cories and plecos. Replace 50% salt daily and continue for a week. 


Primafix

This is a controversial treatment. Many fish-keepers feel that Primafix and Melafix are the "snake oil" of the aquarium trade - chemicals that do not have any affect on your fish. I actually use Primafix when I see a signs of minor fin rot on my fish since I already change 75% of my water every other day. I first do a 75% water change in the main tank, then add the Primafix after I have refilled the tank. I repeat this for 5 to 7 days, with daily 75% water changes and re-dosing the Primafix. One could argue that the clean water cured the fin rot; however, after the Primafix treatment I notice that all the fish look more healthy and vibrant. 




Methylene Blue + BiFuran or Furan2 (QT Tank Only)



If your fish becomes worse after a week of water changes, quarantine your fish in a methylene blue bath, with a heater, airstone, and sponge filter and dose with  BiFuran+. If you are using a 5G tank, you need to change your water out 100% a day, re-dosing the methylene blue and the bi-furan. If you are using a 10G, change the water 50% a day, re-dosing 50% of the methylene blue and bi-furan. After 3 days, stop the methylene blue treatment but continue with the bi-furan for another 5 to 7 days.


Hexamita and Hole-in-the-Head Disease


If my fish are refusing food or spitting out their food, getting thinner with a hollow stomach, and have clear or white stringy poop, it's a good indicator that it's infected by the flagellate parasite Hexamita. The infected fish usually has no appetite and will start to look skinny and pinched if not treated.

Hexamita is also attributed to Hole-in-the-Head disease, where the fish develop craters in their forehead.

Advanced fish-keepers will take a skin scraping sample and put it under a microscope to see what is affecting the fish. Here is a photo of the hexamita parasite:


photo of hexamita parasite

Hexamita 




Using Metronidazole (Display or QT Tank)
To treat this disease, raise the temperature to 87 to 90 degrees F, and use <a href=" target="new" www.jehmco.com="">Metronidazole,
which can found at Jehmco.com  for a 10 day period, with daily 75% water changes and adding a full dose of Metro every time. When raising the temperature in the QT, add an airstone to increase O2 levels as warmer water holds less oxygen.

Hole-in-the-Head disease is also treated using Metro but with the addition of high quality food that contains vitamins and minerals.

After treatment, more frequent and large volumes of water changes should be adopted to prevent the reoccurrence of Hole-in-the-Head.

**Metro can kill good bacteria in your tank. Test the ammonia and nitrite levels in your tank and use Seachem Safe to dechlorinate your water since it neutralizes ammonia in your tank.


Prevention of Hexamita using Epsom Salt in Feed


There are studies that indicate the use of epsom salt in fish feed prevents Hexamita from infecting fish. Mix 1 tablespoon of epsom salt with 500 mls of RO water. Soak dry chunky foods such as pellets and freeze dried blackworms for 15 minutes, then feed to your fish. In the near future, I plan to use feed my fish epsom soaked food once a week.


Garlic to Treat Hexamita


Cichlid fish-keepers have long discussed the benefits of garlic. Recently, studies have shown the effectiveness of fresh garlic against bacteria and flagellates, such as Hexamita: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21056027. It's not a conclusive study but it shows that garlic has some effect on Spironucleus type flagellates. I use fresh garlic as a preventative and immune booster to my fish. I crush a fresh clove of garlic with a garlic press into a small bowl. I mix the contents with a little RO water and strain. Then I soak freeze dried black worm in the garlic juice then feed to my fish.



Common Diseases and Treatments


If, after the two week period, the new fish are not responding to treatment, I usually return them to the pet store since the chances of them recovering is very low. 

However, if the fish in question is your favorite tank fish, and you are willing to try additional methods to save them, here are a few common diseases and treatments. 

Swim Bladder Disease (QT Tank Only)


Fish affected by swim bladder disease have difficulty swimming upright. Remove the fish into a 5 gallon QT tank and treat with Methylene Blue and Kanamycin, a gram-positive antibiotic. Use a heater to keep the water 78 degrees F. Perform 100% daily water changes and and redose for 7 days. Continue with treatment for another 5 days if the fish still has problems righting itself.



kanaplex fish antibiotic

Kanamycin from Angels Plus KanaPlex 5 grams



Bloat (Display or QT Tank)


Bloat is characterized by a swelling in the abdomen area caused by constipation. Place fish in 5 gallon QT with 1/2 tbs. of epsom salt with daily 100% water changes. Feed fish crushed cooked and shelled peas. If they refuse to eat the peas (my fish do not eat peas), you can also feed them small amounts of frozen brine shrimp. This procedure should loosen the intestinal blockage.

Columnaris (QT Tank Only)


Columnaris (flavobacterium columnare) is a highly contagious, fast-acting, gram negative bacteria that causes white, or grey ulcers on the mouth and body. Sometimes these ulcers have a cotton look to them.   Remove affected fish into QT and treat with Methylene Blue, Kanamycin, and Bi-Furan , which is a combination of two antibiotics, Nitrofurazone, and Furazolidone. Lower the temperature in your tank to 75 degrees if your fish can manage that temperarature since the bacteria grows the fastest in 78 degrees F. Treat for at least 7-10 days with 50% water change and redose until the lesions heal completely. Oxytetracyline can also be used to treat columnaris. Dosage is 1 tsp for every 20 gallons.

If you prefer an non-medicated treatment for columnaris, please read the section below "Potassium Permanganate for Bacterial and Fungal infections".


bifuran fish antibiotic






Fungus (Display or QT Tank)


Fungus infections affect the fish's skin causing hair like growths that can grow into small hairy balls. Remove fish into Methylene Blue QT. After a few days, if the fish does not respond to the Methylene Blue treatment, Malachite Green + Formalin treatment can be used. It's commonly known as Quick Cure and can be found at Walmart's pet section or you can buy Ick Guard Liquid. Quick Cure is quite harsh and its not recommended to use with cories and plecos. Treat with quick cure every other day with 10050% water changes for 4 days. It stains plastics blue.

If you prefer an non-medicated treatment for surface fungal infections, please read the section below "Potassium Permanganate for Bacterial and Fungal infections".


quick cure fish medication




Nematodes (Display Tank)


Fish can be affected by a red nematode worm called the camallanus. Fish affected with camallanus have a red and swollen anal area; sometimes you will be able to see the red worm poking out of the anus (I know, gross!). I use a dewormer, Vermisol (trade name for Lavamisole), and I purchase mine at a pigeon supply store, Jedd's. Use in the main tank once a week, for 3 weeks, performing a 80% water change before every treatment. Dosage if 1/2 tsp. per every 20 gallons of water. Lavamisole will not affect the bio filter. Mix with a bit of RO water and pour into tank.

I often deworm my new aquarium fish during the 2nd week of quarantine.



Vermisol dewormer for fish


Vermisol 7.5% from Vitaking.com


Tapeworms (Display Tank)


When fish are eating and pooping well,  but are growing slowly or looking thin, they could have tapeworms. When I first purchased my discus fish, I had dewormed them using Praziquantel, a white powder that does not dilute well in water. The treatment is 1/4 tsp. per 40 gallons.

Perform a large water change and gravel vacuum before treatment.

Mix powder in an empty water bottle with a couple of tablespoonfuls of vodka. Cap and shake well. Pour the resultant slurry (you will still see undissolved powder) into your tank. You can also use hot, but not boiling water instead of vodka.

Perform a large water change after 24 hours. Repeat treatment one week later.

Praziquantel will not affect the bio filter.


**Please note: I treated my fish recently with praziquantel and one died. I noticed he was acting stressed. He was very dark, lethargic, and sitting in a corner. But I since I had treated him with the same drug a few years ago, I didn't think much of it. In retrospect, I should have stopped treatment immediately.

The moral of this story is to watch your fish carefully during any treatment. If they are acting very stressed, stop treatment immediately by performing a large water change and run carbon to soak up any remaining medication.


You will need an empty water bottle, (cheap) Vodka, and 100% Praziquantel powder.


Using a measuring spoon, measure out 1/4 tsp. of Praziquantel to 25 gallons of tank water. 


Use a funnel to pour Praziquantel powder and the Vodka into the empty bottle.



Praziquantel to Treat Flukes (Display or QT Tank)


Praziquantel is widely used to treat fluke infections in aquarium fish. Symptoms are head shaking, choking movements, and gill rubbing. The best approach is to get a positive ID before treatment by performing a gill scraping and put it under the microscope.

Please note that the overuse of Praziquantel has developed stronger strains of flukes which are resistant to this drug.


Photo of flukes
From http://goldfish2care4.com/goldfish-diseases/images/flukes.jpg

Flukes are notoriously difficult to completely irradicate from an aquarium. The treatment must be done in a bare bottom tank. It's a 14 day treatment, with 50% water changes every day, redosing the meds you took out (50%).

On the 7th day, wipe down the walls of the tank, dump the water out of filter, and wipe down filter walls. Dose 100% of the medication.

Praziquantel treatment in a planted display tank is impossible since the flukes can hide in the substrate, plants and decorations. The entire contents of the tank need to be thrown out, and the tank sprayed down with a bleach solution (1 part bleach to 5 parts water). Let the tank sit for 10 minutes, then rinse out thoroughly and let dry. Flukes are incredibly resistant to most cleaning chemicals except bleach. Flukes have even survived a potassium permanganate treatment.

To be completely safe, start a new fishless cycle in your tank with a new filter and new filter media. 

You can purchase Praziquantel powder from Jehmco.com, Angelsplus.com, and Petmountain.com. You can also buy the liquid form from Amazon called Prazi-Pro.


Treating Flukes with Trichlorfon (Display or QT Tank)


Trichlorfon is a strong insecticide that is used by gardeners to rid lawns of grubs. When I first bought my discus, I used Anti-Fluke Lifebearer liquid medication to treat for flukes. Sadly, this drug is no longer available.

National Fish Pharmacy sells Trichlorfon in powder form called De-Los. The treatment is 1/2 tsp. per 10 gallons of tank water, once a week for four weeks. Trichlorfon breaks down in high temperatures, so keep your tank temperature under 80 degrees.

Sensitive fish, like tetras may not survive this treatment. Fish will lose their appetite and may be stressed during treatment.

If you want a display tank treatment, this would be my top choice. This chemical has a better chance of eradicating flukes from a planted tank or a tank with substrate. As with all medication treatment, perform a large water change and substrate vacuum before adding medication to your aquarium.


Treating Flukes with Flubendazole (Display or QT Tank)


Flubendazole is a powerful medication that treats a variety of diseases, such as camallanus worms, hexamita, and flukes. The only place that sells this drug in the US is Inkmkr. He is a fish hobbyist who is kindly supplying hard to find medications to fellow aquarists.

The treatment dosage is 1/4 tsp. per 20 gallons. To dissolve flubendazole, use a two tablespoons of Vodka and mix in an empty bottle to form a slurry. Perform a large water change before adding the medication.

On day 3, perform another large water change, and redose. After 5 days, perform another large water change then run carbon in your tank to soak up any remaining medication. In 3 weeks, repeat treatment.

Some fish have an adverse reaction to flubendazole. Discus owners have reported that when dosing with flubendazole, they will have one fish in a group react poorly, with head standing and their body darkening.

If you wish to treat your fish in the display tank, this would also be my top choice.

Potassium Permanganate Treatment (QT Tank Only)


Potassium Permanganate (PP for short) is a purple crystalline mineral that is readily mixed with water. Jungle packages PP as their Pond Oxy Clear. Potassium Permanganate is an oxidizer, and kills bacteria, fungus and parasites. Many fish-keepers use it as a bath to clean tanks, filters, nets, tubing, heaters, etc. I use a strong purple solution to soak all my quarantine gear for 24 hours. You can also buy pure potassium permanganate from this highly rated seller from eBay: Potassium Permanganate Ultra Fine Power.


Potassium Permanganate Sterilizes Fish Gear


Fill your QT with water and place all your QT gear in the tank. Pour a teaspoon of PP powder in the tank and mix with one of your nets. The color of the water should be a strong purple color. Check the color every couple of hours to see if the water has turned brown. If it has, either drain and start again, or add another tablespoon of PP powder so that the color turns a strong purple again. 



Jungle oxy clear - potassium permanganate powder


Potassium Permanganate by Jungle


Potassium Permanganate for Bacterial and Fungal Infections


PP can also be used to treat bacterial and fungal disease in fish. Methylene blue is very gentle and may not cure stubborn surface bacterial and fungal infections in fish. When I purchased my black tetras, I noticed a week after I placed them in my main tank, that they were developing mouth sores. I quickly netted all 25 out and put them back into QT. 

This time, I gave them a Potassium Permanganate bath. Using PP to treat infected fish is an advanced treatment method used by the most experienced fish-keepers because this treatment could be very deadly to fish if not done properly. Potassium Permanganate burns away all organics in the tank, including all bacteria, fungus, parasites, and the slime coat of fish. Thus, if you use too high a concentration, you could burn the gills of the fish and cause them great stress (and death).

PP Treatment Method


Using a measuring spoon, and a funnel, pour 1 tablespoon of PP powder into an empty water bottle. Add about 2 cups of RO water into the bottle, cap and shake. The color of the solution should be a very dark purple. If it's not dark purple, add another teaspoon of PP powder, cap and shake. 


potassium permanganate powder


Potassium Permanganate is a purple powder



potassium permanganate mixed with water


When mixed with water, the PP dissolves into a dark purple liquid




3 beakers filled with water and a bottle of PP solution


The only way to use PP is to "eyeball" the correct color the tank water should be. This is where experience comes into play. The catch is if you never try it, you will never gain the experience. To demonstrate the correct color, I set up 3 beakers of water and mixed up a strong solution of PP. Using a pipette, I slowly added drops of PP solution to each beaker. The first beaker is the color I aim for when treating - a light pink color.



potassium permanganate added to the beakers in 3 different concentrations


The first beaker, light pink, is the color I aim for 




video


Add potassium permanganate solution a drop at a time to quarantine tank.



Add and mix until the tank is a pink color like above. 



The QT tank needs to stay this pink color for 4 hours. If the organics in the tank are too high, the water will turn a brown color. To maintain this pink color, you need to check the QT color every 1/2 hour, adding small amounts of PP solution if needed.

You will still need to keep the fish comfortable by aerating the water well, using an airstone, and a heater. 

To demonstrate this color change, I placed a handful of moss from my shrimp tank into the first solution. There were a few shrimp babies stuck in the moss, and they were unharmed by the PP solution.



first beaker is filled with moss and PP solution


Moss was placed into the first beaker to add organics into the solution


After 10 minutes, I removed the moss, and the PP solution color was noticeably brown, although slightly pink. At this point, I would add a tiny amount of PP mix to increase the pink color. If the water turns brown or clear, the PP is no longer working and therefore, will not be an effective treatment. After the minimum 4 hour treatment, do a massive water change. If the fish have not improved enough, do another PP treatment after 2 days.




potassium permanganate turns brown when exhausted.


Potassium Permanganate solution turns a brown color with the presence of high organics


Accidental Overdose


If you accidentally added too much PP mix to your tank, you can neutralize the PP with a tablespoon or two of hydrogen peroxide, or a double strength dosage of dechlorinator. The water will clear of pink almost immediately. 


Fish Gloves


This is also a good thing to have around: fish gloves. They are actually called OB Gloves (Obstetrics) that are used by farm veterinarians. They are long, reaching up to your shoulder, and are disposable. Great for cleaning tanks!




fish gloves from Fleetfarm



More Reading:



Albino Pleco
Eggs and Babies!

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